Choosing A Canine For Rescue Dog Training
Finding the right dogs for search and rescue dog training requires plenty of knowledge and skill. Every dog is not cut out to be a rescue canine. A professional who works with rescue trained dogs knows what to look for in a dog, even as a young puppy.
What to look for in a potential rescue dog
Search and rescue training requires dedication and hard work. The dog selected for training must also be willing to give his or her best, throughout the training period. When looking for particular dogs, a trainer will usually look for puppies. Having the parents on the premises makes it easier to spot any hereditary conditions, such as hip deformity, that might limit the dog’s usefulness during a rescue.
Temperament is also important. A rescue dog will often be exposed to extreme conditions, plenty of distractions, loud noises, and a variety of other potentially frightening situations. A puppy should have a pleasant temperament and should not be extremely shy. A shy dog will not have the confidence to make a real rescue animal. But, at the same time, it should not be overly aggressive, which would hinder the rescue mission. The potential rescue puppy should show signs of being alert and willing to learn.
A puppy that shows willingness to play, such as by fetching a ball or following an adult, has what is known as ‘play drive.’ This is a good trait for training and real rescue missions. A dog without this drive may lack stamina or the willingness to continue with training.
The dog selected for rescue should be suitable to the climate. A long haired dog working in a hot climate will tire and overheat sooner than a dog with shorter hair. Likewise, a dog’s body type and height should be estimated, to determine if it has the agility and stamina for the job.
Common dog breeds used for SAR training
Typical dog breeds used for search and rescue include the Border Collie, Golden Retriever, Belgian Mallinois, Retriever, German Shepherd, and Blood Hound. These breeds are known for their intelligence and eagerness to please. However, that doesn’t eliminate many additional breeds. Other breeds used for search and rescue include Australian Cattle dogs, Springer Spaniels, Poodles, and mixed breeds. Any dog can be utilized for search and rescue, if it shows the willingness and ability to follow and track a scent. Usually, dogs from the sporting and herding groups make the best search and rescue prospects.
What is involved in SAR training?
Rescue dog training often starts before a puppy leaves its mother and siblings. A trainer will take the puppy away from the others and begin teaching basic commands. If an older dog is selected, it should be no more than 5 or 6 years. It can take a few years to train a rescue dog, and they usually retire at age 10. Rescue dogs have physically demanding jobs and should be in their prime, to serve as rescue animals.
As training progresses, SAR dogs are taught to work in harnesses. Their handlers, either volunteers in search and rescue groups or law enforcement officers, work with long lines and a variety of tools, to teach tracking methods. A volunteer handler must become certified in CPR and first aid, as well as learning to read the signs of the rescue dog. They may also need survival skills when working in large wilderness areas.
Search and rescue dogs are taught to track a specific scent, typically through skin cells. The dog is usually handled on a lead and becomes able to distinguish the desired scent from many others. Dogs are often rewarded when they find the subject or the right scent. Scent work serves as the basis for training.
WHAT KIND OF DOG IS THAT?
If you’ve ever wondered about what breed a particular dog is, now all you need is a new website. You can upload your own picture, or you can search on the site for “long-haired dogs,” “white dogs,” “miniature dogs,” or whatever you can think of. The website pulls images from the Bing library.
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Types of Breeds
There are actually about 200 breeds of dogs that have been recognized by organizations such as the American Kennel Club. Each breed has different characteristics with respect to size, shape, colors, hair quality, and temperament. The perfect pet for one family might well not fit in with what another dog owner wants or needs. Of course, there are many dogs whose lineage is “mixed”, and there are also new dog “breeds” that are purposely mixed to genetically create a dog with a particular look or trait.
Mixed Breed Dogs
When a dog’s lineage comes from more than 2 different breeds, he is considered Mixed. For example, a dog whose mother is Dalmation/Scottie and father is Poodle/Boxer is definitely mixed. More often, you won’t know the breeds that are combined into a mixed breed puppy. And regardless of popular belief, it’s impossible to accurately determine what went into the mix, short of a DNA test. There are just too many ways a dog’s genes can be combined to produce certain characteristics. If you were to breed the dog in the above example (with 4 original breeds) with another similar dog, now you are further muddying the waters!
But that doesn’t mean a mixed breed dog can’t make a great pet. And to a dog lover, most of them are just too darn cute. The effect of mixed breeding often results in more moderate animals, since they are not bred for a particular trait. And often these can be more healthy, since they may not be a combination of the same genes that have a tendency to a particular defect. Even with a pure breed, there is no guarantee that a puppy will grow into a dog with all of that breed’s characteristics, but you will have a better predictor of what the adult will be. But you’ll spend a lot less money for a mixed breed.
Cross Breed Dogs
A cross breed comes from mating two pure bred dogs, or when there are just two breeds total in the animal. So for example, a Golden Retriever and Poodle will have offspring which are called Goldendoodles. Many cross breeds have become popular names, including Labradoodle (Labrador Retriever and Poodle), Cockapoo (Cocker Spaniel and Poodle), and Puggle (Pug and Beagle). Mathematically, there are a very large number of other pairings of breeds possible.
Cross Breed dogs are not hybrids, because they only contain dog DNA, not a different species. Much like mixed breed, they are often a more moderate, more healthy animal, but the possible advantage to a cross breed is that you know what variables went into the puppy.
What to Get?
Great question! And the answer depends on a number of factors, based on what you want in a pet, and how much time and resources you have to spend with that pet. After all, dogs are living beings. There is no guarantee that a particular puppy will look or behave in a certain way. Just like humans, their adult personality will depend on how they were treated and nourished through their formative period.
After you bring your new puppy home, be sure that you help him become a well-mannered member of your family by providing him with obedience dog training nj. You’ll both be glad you did!
TIPS ON HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR DOG AND TRICKS FOR NEW DOG OWNERS
A good number of people own a dog or live with one. If you are considering getting a dog, or already own one, knowing some simple facts about them is very important. Here are tips on dogs so that you are prepared to take care of one.
- Avoid kisses and stick to hugs.
Kissing your dog is very unsanitary. Dogs feed on their waste, garbage, and can drink water that comes straight from a toilet bowl. It is a false tale that a dog’s mouth is cleaner than that of a man.
Your dog cannot tell you that its arthritis is making it difficult for him to walk; he simply cannot tell you if he has a headache or toothache since he does not speak the language of humans. A check up each year can catch these problems before they become major.
- If you store medication in your house, ensure that your dog cannot reach it.
It might suffer from a seizure or heart attack if it swallows some pills. If your pet does manage to ingest some medication accidentally, contact a vet right away.
- You should not want to buy the bargain dog food
Going for the cheaper brands of food is not good. They are usually filled with additives that are bad for your dog’s health. Enquire from animal advocacy group or read consumer reviews to find the most suitable dog foods recommended by professionals in the field. Your dogs become healthier if it eats better.
- Your pet needs a dog house if it spends a lot of time outdoors
You should either buy a kennel or construct one for it. Cold fur and wet feet could lead to serious health complications. Keep your pet safe from all those elements by giving it the dry shelter it needs.
- After getting a new dog, arrange an appointment with the vet right away.
Make the appointment as early as possible. The vet will examine your pet. Set another appointment to have it fixed too.
Some types of dogs have a high probability of contracting health problems. Therefore, you should have prior knowledge of what to look out for in a dog. Research the dog’s origin and past and take preventative measures for problems you know it is a candidate for. Make sure you ask the vet if there is any step you can take in order to avoid health problems that are associated with a certain breed.
- To protect your female dog from getting pregnant, be keen to note the times she becomes on heat.
A male dog has the capability of smelling her from up to five miles away. In addition to that, a female dog on heat has the tendency of causing fights among dogs in that locality. Keep her away from the male dogs if a set of puppies is not what you want.
- Make a point of being careful in the selection of dog food.
There are various options, but you should match your dog to feed that is manufactured for his size and age. You are supposed to ensure that your pet is getting the essential nutrients and vitamins even if you are giving it leftovers to save on expenditure.
It is important that you take your time to find out facts before you do something in a dog’s life. A cute little puppy can be very adorable and attractive, but you should think about all the responsibilities caring for it would involve. You need to know more about dog training make an assessment of how much a dog is going to cost you before purchasing one.
- Keep an eye on your dog’s diet at all times
At the early stages of a dog’s life, a diet with high calories is okay. On the other hand, to keep the weight of your dog in check it needs less food and those that are lower in calories.
Following all that to the letter will help you properly take care of your dog. Talk to a vet for any questions.